Data Processing Agreement
Data Processing Agreement

DATA PROCESSING AGREEMENT

Last Updated: September 27, 2021

This Data Processing Agreement (the “DPA”) forms part of the End User License Agreement, or other similar ordering agreement, (“Agreement”) between Customer, as defined in the Agreement, and Lytx, Inc. (“Company”) for Company’s solution and services (the “ Solution”). The parties agree to the rights and obligations set forth in this DPA, apply to the extent Company processes Personal Data on Customer’s behalf where Customer is a Controller.

  1. DEFINITIONS Capitalised terms used but not defined in this DPA shall have the meanings set forth in the Agreement. For the purposes of this DPA:
  • 1.1 “Data Breach” means any unauthorized interference with the availability of, or any unauthorized, unlawful or accidental loss, misuse, destruction, alteration, acquisition of, access to, disclosure of, or damage to Personal Data, or any other unauthorized Processing of Personal Data that may adversely affect the privacy or security of Data Subjects. Data Breach does not include unsuccessful attempts or activities that do not compromise the security of Personal Data, including unsuccessful log-in attempts, pings, port scans, denial of service attacks, and other similar incidents
  • 1.2. “Data Protection Laws” means all applicable local, state, federal, or international laws, regulations, or treaties relating to the privacy, security, or protection of Personal Data, as may be defined in such laws, including, the European Area Law, the California Consumer Protection Act (“CCPA”), and any subsequent supplements, amendments, or replacements to the same Laws.
  • 1.3. “Data Subject” means any individual about whom Personal Data may be Processed under this DPA.
  • 1.4. “European Area” means the European Union, European Economic Area, Switzerland, and the United Kingdom (“ UK”).
  • 1.5 “European Area Law” means the (i) EU General Data Protection Regulation (Regulation 2016/679) (“GDPR”); (ii) the GDPR as amended and incorporated into UK law under the UK European Union (Withdrawal) Act 2018 and as amended by Schedule 1 to the Data Protection, Privacy and Electronic Communications (Addendums etc.) (EU Exit) Regulations 2019 (SI 2019/419); (iii) the Swiss Federal Data Protection Act of 19 June 1992 and its corresponding ordinances (“Swiss DPA”); (iv) any successor or amendments thereto (including without limitation implementation of GDPR by Member States into their national law), or (v) any other law relating to the data protection, security, or privacy of individuals that applies in the European Area.
  • 1.6. “Personal Data” means any Customer Data that is ‘personal data’, as defined by applicable Data Protection Law and processed in connection with the Solution.
  • 1.7. “Processor” shall have the meaning defined by applicable Data Protection Law and the Standard Contractual Clauses.
  • 1.8. “Standard Contractual Clauses” means Standard Contractual Clauses for the Transfer of Personal Data to Processors Established in Third Countries (Controller to Processor), issued by the applicable data protection authority (such as the European Commission, UK Information Commissioner’s Office (“ICO”), or Swiss Federal Data Protection Information Commissioner) and attached to this DPA.
  • 1.9. “Third Country” means countries that have not received an adequacy decision relating to data transfers from the European Commission or other applicable authority (such as the UK ICO or Swiss Federal Data Protection Information Commissioner).
  • 1.10 The terms Controller, Process,Subprocessor, Sell, and Service Provider shall have the same meaning as in the applicable Data Protection Laws, and their cognate terms shall be construed accordingly.
  1. PROCESSING OF PERSONAL DATA
  • 2.1. Company processes Personal Data on behalf of and as instructed by Customer, in accordance with Data Protection Laws.
  • 2.2. The parties acknowledge that for the purposes of the Data Protection Laws, Customer is a Controller with respect to the Personal Data Processed in connection with the Solution licensed by Customer and Company is a Processor and Service Provider (collectively “Processor” for purposes of this DPA). The types of Personal Data and categories of Data Subjects are set forth in Addendum 1 of the DPA.
  • 2.3 Customer is responsible for ensuring a valid legal basis for processing the Personal Data as well as any transfer of Personal Data to its third party providers. Customer shall ensure that it has met the requirements of the Data Protection Laws for the lawful transfer of the Personal Data to Company for the purposes set forth in this DPA and the Agreement, and for the duration of the term of the Agreement.
  • 2.4. Any Processing of Personal Data shall be lawful and consistent with Company’s obligations under the Agreement. In particular, Company shall:
    • 2.4.1. use, retain, disclose, or otherwise Process Personal Data only on behalf of Customer and for the specific business purpose of providing the Solution under the Agreement or as otherwise as instructed by Customer, unless Company is required to deviate from Customer’s instructions by applicable law;
    • 2.4.2. implement appropriate technical and organizational security measures to protect Personal Data against unlawful or accidental destruction or accidental loss, alteration, unauthorised disclosure or access, and against all other forms of unlawful processing (as further described in Addendum 2 to this DPA); and
    • 2.3.3. subject employees, agents, officers, consultants, Subprocessors and any third party authorized to Process the Personal Data to written confidentiality agreements or ensure an appropriate statutory obligation of confidentiality with respect to the Processing of Personal Data;
    • 2.4.4. not Sell Personal Data, nor use, retain, disclose, or otherwise Process Personal Data outside of its business relationship with Customer or for any other purpose except as required by law;
    • 2.4.5. not combine Personal Data, which Company Processes on behalf of Customer, with personal data which Company receives from or on behalf of another person or persons, or collects from its own interaction with individual, provided that Company may combine personal data to perform any business purpose permitted or required under the Agreement to provide the Solution; and
    • 2.4.6. reasonably assist Customer in complying with its obligations under the applicable data protection laws, including without limitation, conducting data protection, privacy, or security risk impact assessments, meeting its compliance obligations under GDPR articles 32-36, and consultations with the supervisory or regulatory authority.
  • 2.5. Customer has instructed or authorised the use of to assist Company with respect to the performance of Company’s obligations under the Agreement, including without limitation the operation, delivery, and maintenance of the Solution. Company will select and retain Subprocessors that have agreed by written contract to comply with terms substantially similar to those contained in this DPA to assist Company in performing its rights and obligations under the Agreement. Upon written request (email sufficient) by Customer, Company will provide a list of its Subprocessors involved with the Processing of Personal Data pursuant to this DPA.
  • 2.6. Upon termination or expiration of the Agreement for whatever reason, Company shall cease to Process Personal Data and will either: (i) render all or part of Customer Data anonymous in such a manner that the data no longer constitutes Personal Data; or (iii) delete or render all or parts of the Personal Data unreadable (or provide Customer with tools or procedures to do the same). The obligations set out in this DPA shall remain in force notwithstanding termination or expiration of the Agreement for as long as Company has access to or is in possession of Personal Data. Company is permitted to retain Personal Data after expiration or termination solely to comply with applicable laws (including Data Protection Laws) or the order of a governmental or regulatory body. Any such Processing of Personal Data under this exception shall be subject to the terms of this DPA.
  1. EUROPEAN AREA DATA TRANSFERS
  • 3.1. European Area Transfers. Transfers of European Area Personal Data by Customer to Company to or Company to Customer in Third Countries are subject to the Standard Contractual Clauses, Module Two (“Controller to Processor”), attached to this DPA and incorporated by reference as Addendum 3. In the event Company is an EEA Processor transferring Personal Data to the Customer, and where Customer is a Controller of such EEA Personal Data, Module Four (“Processor to Controller”) shall apply. Where Company is a Processor of UK Personal Data, the Standard Contractual Clauses attached to and incorporated by reference as Addendum 4 shall apply.
  • 3.2 Onward Transfers. In connection with the provision of the Solution to Customer, Company may receive from or transfer and Process European Area Personal Data to Third Countries provided that its Subprocessors take measures to adequately protect such data consistent with applicable Data Protection Laws. Such measures may include to the extent available and applicable under such laws:
    • Adequacy. Processing in a country, a territory, or one or more specified sectors that are considered under applicable Data Protection Laws as providing an adequate level of data protection;
    • Standard Contractual Clauses. The parties’ agreement to enter in to and comply with the Standard Contractual Clauses in Exhibit 3 and any successors or amendments to such clauses or such other applicable contractual terms adopted and approved under Data Protection Laws;
    • Binding Corporate Rules. Processing in compliance with Binding Corporate Rules (“BCR’s”) in accordance with Data Protection Laws; or
    • Other Approved Transfer Mechanisms. Implementing any other data transfer mechanisms or certifications approved under Data Protection Laws, including, as applicable, any approved successor or replacement to the EU–US Privacy Shield framework, the Swiss–US Privacy Shield framework.

To the extent that any substitute or additional appropriate safeguards or mechanisms under any Data Protection Laws are required to transfer data to a Third Country, the parties agree to implement the same as soon as practicable and document such requirements for implementation in an attachment to this DPA.

  1. RIGHTS OF DATA SUBJECTS
  • 4.1. Correction, Deletion or Restriction. Company will, at its election and as necessary to enable Customer to meet its obligations under applicable Data Protection Laws, either (i) provide Customer the ability within the Solution to correct or delete Personal Data; or (ii) make such corrections, deletions, or restrictions on Customer’s behalf if such functionality is not available within the Solution.
  • 4.2. Access to Personal Data. To the extent Customer is unable to access a Data Subject’s Personal Data through the Solution, and where such access is necessary to enable Customer to meet its obligations under applicable Data Protection Laws, Company will provide reasonable assistance to make such Personal Data available to Customer.
  • 4.3. Data Portability. During the term of the Agreement, Customer may extract Personal Data from the Solution in accordance with the documentation and the relevant provisions of the Agreement, including so that Customer can provide the Personal Data to an individual who makes a data portability request under the GDPR.
  • Data Breach.
    • 5.1 Breach Response. In the event Company discovers or learns of a Data Breach affecting Personal Data, Company shall take appropriate and prompt steps to: (a) investigate, mitigate, and remedy the Data Breach and prevent further Data Breaches, (b) notify Customer of such Data Breach without unreasonable delay; (c) furnish to Customer necessary and relevant details of the Data Breach as may be available; (d) reasonably assist Customer, as needed, in its investigation, mitigation, and remedying of the Data Breach; (e) provide information and reasonably assist Customer, as needed, in meeting Customer’s legal obligations, including any applicable legal obligations to notify individuals affected by the Data Breach; and (f) cooperate with Customer in any other reasonable action, step, or proceeding as may be deemed necessary by Customer in connection with the Data Breach and any dispute, inquiry or claim concerning or arising from the Data Breach.
    • Legal Process Notification . Unless prohibited by an applicable statute or court order, Company shall notify Customer of any third-party legal process relating to any Data Breach, including, but not limited to, any legal process initiated by any governmental entity. ..
  • Audit. Customer shall permit Customer to audit compliance by Company of its obligations under this DPA, and shall to that effect provide Customer, if so requested by Customer, upon reasonable notice, no more than once per year, and during business hours only, with reasonable access to its premises and systems used for processing, and other reasonable assistance in connection with the above, which shall not cause any disruptions to Company’s normal business operations. In no event will Customer be entitled to access or receive Company’s proprietary or confidential information, except to the extent strictly necessary to demonstrate compliance with this DPA. Customer shall carry the costs of such audit.
  • Conflicts. To the extent there is any conflict between this DPA and the terms of Standard Contractual Clauses where applicable, the Standard Contractual Clauses prevail. To the extent there is any conflict between this DPA and the Terms of Use, this DPA shall prevail.

  • Addendum 1 to the DPA – Description of Processing Activities for Customer EU Area Personal Data

    1. Categories of Data Subjects whose personal data is transferred
      • Data subjects include individuals who are natural persons, who are predominately the drivers or passengers in the vehicles containing data exporter’s equipment, and persons who are employees or contractors of data exporter.
    2. Categories of personal data transferred
      • The personal data may include first and last name, identification number, audio and video recordings which may capture physical characteristics, physical identity and/or physiological data, and other electronic data transferred in the context of the Solution described more fully described in the Agreement, DPA, and accompanying order forms.
    3. Sensitive data transferred (if applicable) and applied restrictions or safeguards that fully take into consideration the nature of the data and the risks involved, such as for instance strict purpose limitation, access restrictions (including access only for staff having followed specialised training), keeping a record of access to the data, restrictions for onward transfers or additional security measures.
      • Customer is responsible for determining the data that is Processed by the Solution
      [If necessary: Sensitive data is subject to obligations and limitations as described in the Agreement, DPA, and accompanying order forms.]
    4. The frequency of the transfer (e.g. whether the data is transferred on a one-off or continuous basis).
      • Continuous
    5. Nature of the processing
      • The processing activities may include recording, collection, organization, storage, adaptation, alteration, retrieval, consultation, use, disclosure, dissemination or otherwise making available, alignment or combination, blocking, deidentification, anonymization, erasure and/or destruction.
    6. Purpose(s) of the data transfer and further processing
      • Customer has engaged the data importer to process data from equipment installed in vehicles. or data otherwise uploaded to data importer via API, and such data will be stored and made available to Customer via data importer’s Solution.
      • The purpose of the transfer is to facilitate the performance of the Solution described more fully described in the Agreement, DPA, and accompanying order forms.
    7. The period for which the personal data will be retained, or, if that is not possible, the criteria used to determine that period
      • The period for which the personal data will be retained is more fully described in the Agreement, DPA, and accompanying order forms.
    8. For transfers to (sub-) processors, also specify subject matter, nature and duration of the processing
      • The subject matter, nature, and duration of the Processing more fully described in the Agreement, DPA, and accompanying order forms.
    9. Sub-processors.
      • Upon written request (email sufficient) by Customer, Company will provide a list of all subprocessors involved with the Processing of Personal Data pursuant to the Agreement, DPA, and accompanying order forms.

    Addendum 2 to the DPA – Description of Information Security Controls

    Data importer maintains administrative, physical, and technical safeguards for protection of the security, confidentiality, availability, and integrity of Personal Data, as further specified herein, and as may be updated from time to time as necessary to update security practices. Following is a description of some of the core technical and organisational security measures implemented by data importer:

    1. Information Security Policies and Standards

    The data importer maintains administrative, physical and technical safeguards to address the security, confidentiality, availability, and integrity of Personal Data transferred to it pursuant to the Standard Contractual Clauses. These safeguards include:

    · Physical, logical and data access controls designed to restrict access to Personal Data to authorised individuals;

    · Audit trails, where appropriate, to document access and modification of Personal Data;

    · Controls that seek to ensure that Personal Data are processed in accordance with the data exporter’s instructions, and protected against accidental loss.

    1. Physical Security

    The data importer maintains commercially reasonable security systems at all data importer sites at which an information system that houses Personal Data is located. The data importer reasonably restricts physical access to such sites. Physical access controls have been implemented for all data centres.

    1. Organizational Security

    Data importer has implemented security policies and procedures designed to prevent the reconstruction or retrieval of Personal Data following disposal. Personal Data security incidents are managed in accordance with written incident response procedures. Where legally required, sensitive data transmitted by the data importer is encrypted while in transit.

    1. Network Security

    The data importer maintains network security using commercially reasonable techniques, including firewalls, intrusion detection systems, access control lists and routing protocols.

    1. Access Control

    The data importer maintains user administration procedures to: define user roles and their privileges, how access is granted, changed and terminated; address appropriate segregation of duties; and define the logging/monitoring requirements and mechanisms. The data importer implements commercially reasonable physical and electronic security to create and protect passwords.

    1. Virus and Malware Controls

    The data importer installs and maintains anti-virus and malware protection software.

    1. Personnel

    The data importer implements a security awareness programme to train personnel about their security obligations.

    1. Business Continuity

    The data importer has implemented written disaster recovery and business resumption plans. Data importer reviews both business continuity plan and risk assessment regularly.


    Addendum 3 to DPA – Standard Contractual Clauses and Supplemental Terms

    Introduction

    The parties agree that Data transferred between and among the parties shall be subject to the Standard Contractual Clauses to the extent applicable.

    With respect to processing of Data, Customer is a Data Exporter and Controller, and Company is a Data Importer and Processor – accordingly, Module Two (Transfer Controller to Processor) shall apply.

    References to Modules One, Three, and Four in the Standard Contractual Clauses shall not apply and language referencing these modules shall not be treated as part of this DPA.

    Standard Contractual Clauses

    SECTION I

    Clause 1 – Purpose and scope

    (a) The purpose of these standard contractual clauses is to ensure compliance with the requirements of Regulation (EU) 2016/679 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 27 April 2016 on the protection of natural persons with regard to the processing of personal data and on the free movement of such data (General Data Protection Regulation) [1] for the transfer of personal data to a third country.

    (b) The Parties:

    (i) the natural or legal person(s), public authority/ies, agency/ies or other body/ies (hereinafter ‘entity/ies’) transferring the personal data, as listed in Annex I.A (hereinafter each ‘data exporter’), and

    (ii) the entity/ies in a third country receiving the personal data from the data exporter, directly or indirectly via another entity also Party to these Clauses, as listed in Annex I.A (hereinafter each ‘data importer’) have agreed to these standard contractual clauses (hereinafter: ‘Clauses’).

    (c) These Clauses apply with respect to the transfer of personal data as specified in Annex I.B.

    (d) The Appendix to these Clauses containing the Annexes referred to therein forms an integral part of these Clauses.

    Clause 2 – Effect and invariability of the Clauses

    (a) These Clauses set out appropriate safeguards, including enforceable data subject rights and effective legal remedies, pursuant to Article 46(1) and Article 46(2)(c) of Regulation (EU) 2016/679 and, with respect to data transfers from controllers to processors and/or processors to processors, standard contractual clauses pursuant to Article 28(7) of Regulation (EU) 2016/679, provided they are not modified, except to select the appropriate Module(s) or to add or update information in the Appendix. This does not prevent the Parties from including the standard contractual clauses laid down in these Clauses in a wider contract and/or to add other clauses or additional safeguards, provided that they do not contradict, directly or indirectly, these Clauses or prejudice the fundamental rights or freedoms of data subjects.

    (b) These Clauses are without prejudice to obligations to which the data exporter is subject by virtue of Regulation (EU) 2016/679.

    Clause 3 – Third-party beneficiaries

    (a) Data subjects may invoke and enforce these Clauses, as third-party beneficiaries, against the data exporter and/or data importer, with the following exceptions:

    (i) Clause 1, Clause 2, Clause 3, Clause 6, Clause 7;

    (ii) Clause 8 – Module One: Clause 8.5 (e) and Clause 8.9(b);Module Two: Clause 8.1(b), 8.9(a), (c), (d) and (e); Module Three: Clause 8.1(a), (c) and (d) and Clause 8.9(a), (c), (d), (e), (f) and (g); Module Four: Clause 8.1 (b) and Clause 8.3(b);

    (iii) Clause 9 – Module Two: Clause 9(a), (c), (d) and (e); Module Three: Clause 9(a), (c), (d) and (e);

    (iv) Clause 12 – Module One: Clause 12(a) and (d); Modules Two and Three: Clause 12(a), (d) and (f);

    (v) Clause 13;

    (vi) Clause 15.1(c), (d) and (e);

    (vii) Clause 16(e);

    (viii) Clause 18 – Modules One, Two and Three: Clause 18(a) and (b); Module Four: Clause 18.

    (b) Paragraph (a) is without prejudice to rights of data subjects under Regulation (EU) 2016/679.

    Clause 4 – Interpretation

    (a) Where these Clauses use terms that are defined in Regulation (EU) 2016/679, those terms shall have the same meaning as in that Regulation.

    (b) These Clauses shall be read and interpreted in the light of the provisions of Regulation (EU) 2016/679.

    (c) These Clauses shall not be interpreted in a way that conflicts with rights and obligations provided for in Regulation (EU) 2016/679.

    Clause 5 – Hierarchy

    In the event of a contradiction between these Clauses and the provisions of related agreements between the Parties, existing at the time these Clauses are agreed or entered into thereafter, these Clauses shall prevail.

    Clause 6 – Description of the transfer(s)

    The details of the transfer(s), and in particular the categories of personal data that are transferred and the purpose(s) for which they are transferred, are specified in Annex I.B.

    Clause 7 – Docking clause

    (a) An entity that is not a Party to these Clauses may, with the agreement of the Parties, accede to these Clauses at any time, either as a data exporter or as a data importer, by completing the Appendix and signing Annex I.A.

    (b) Once it has completed the Appendix and signed Annex I.A, the acceding entity shall become a Party to these Clauses and have the rights and obligations of a data exporter or data importer in accordance with its designation in Annex I.A.

    (c) The acceding entity shall have no rights or obligations arising under these Clauses from the period prior to becoming a Party.

    SECTION II – OBLIGATIONS OF THE PARTIES

    Clause 8 – Data protection safeguards

    The data exporter warrants that it has used reasonable efforts to determine that the data importer is able, through the implementation of appropriate technical and organisational measures, to satisfy its obligations under these Clauses.

    MODULE ONE: Transfer controller to controller

    8.1 Purpose limitation

    The data importer shall process the personal data only for the specific purpose(s) of the transfer, as set out in Annex I.B. It may only process the personal data for another purpose:

    (i) where it has obtained the data subject’s prior consent;

    (ii) where necessary for the establishment, exercise or defence of legal claims in the context of specific administrative, regulatory or judicial proceedings; or

    (iii) where necessary in order to protect the vital interests of the data subject or of another natural person.

    8.2 Transparency

    (a) In order to enable data subjects to effectively exercise their rights pursuant to Clause 10, the data importer shall inform them, either directly or through the data exporter:

    (i) of its identity and contact details;

    (ii) of the categories of personal data processed;

    (iii) of the right to obtain a copy of these Clauses;

    (iv) where it intends to onward transfer the personal data to any third party/ies, of the recipient or categories of recipients (as appropriate with a view to providing meaningful information), the purpose of such onward transfer and the ground therefore pursuant to Clause 8.7.

    (b) Paragraph (a) shall not apply where the data subject already has the information, including when such information has already been provided by the data exporter, or providing the information proves impossible or would involve a disproportionate effort for the data importer. In the latter case, the data importer shall, to the extent possible, make the information publicly available.

    (c) On request, the Parties shall make a copy of these Clauses, including the Appendix as completed by them, available to the data subject free of charge. To the extent necessary to protect business secrets or other confidential information, including personal data, the Parties may redact part of the text of the Appendix prior to sharing a copy, but shall provide a meaningful summary where the data subject would otherwise not be able to understand its content or exercise his/her rights. On request, the Parties shall provide the data subject with the reasons for the redactions, to the extent possible without revealing the redacted information.

    (d) Paragraphs (a) to (c) are without prejudice to the obligations of the data exporter under Articles 13 and 14 of Regulation (EU) 2016/679.

    8.3 Accuracy and data minimisation

    (a) Each Party shall ensure that the personal data is accurate and, where necessary, kept up to date. The data importer shall take every reasonable step to ensure that personal data that is inaccurate, having regard to the purpose(s) of processing, is erased or rectified without delay.

    (b) If one of the Parties becomes aware that the personal data it has transferred or received is inaccurate, or has become outdated, it shall inform the other Party without undue delay.

    (c) The data importer shall ensure that the personal data is adequate, relevant and limited to what is necessary in relation to the purpose(s) of processing.

    8.4 Storage limitation

    The data importer shall retain the personal data for no longer than necessary for the purpose(s) for which it is processed. It shall put in place appropriate technical or organisational measures to ensure compliance with this obligation, including erasure or anonymisation [2] of the data and all back-ups at the end of the retention period.

    8.5 Security of processing

    (a) The data importer and, during transmission, also the data exporter shall implement appropriate technical and organisational measures to ensure the security of the personal data, including protection against a breach of security leading to accidental or unlawful destruction, loss, alteration, unauthorised disclosure or access (hereinafter ‘personal data breach’). In assessing the appropriate level of security, they shall take due account of the state of the art, the costs of implementation, the nature, scope, context and purpose(s) of processing and the risks involved in the processing for the data subject. The Parties shall in particular consider having recourse to encryption or pseudonymisation, including during transmission, where the purpose of processing can be fulfilled in that manner.

    (b) The Parties have agreed on the technical and organisational measures set out in Annex II. The data importer shall carry out regular checks to ensure that these measures continue to provide an appropriate level of security.

    (c) The data importer shall ensure that persons authorised to process the personal data have committed themselves to confidentiality or are under an appropriate statutory obligation of confidentiality.

    (d) In the event of a personal data breach concerning personal data processed by the data importer under these Clauses, the data importer shall take appropriate measures to address the personal data breach, including measures to mitigate its possible adverse effects.

    (e) In case of a personal data breach that is likely to result in a risk to the rights and freedoms of natural persons, the data importer shall without undue delay notify both the data exporter and the competent supervisory authority pursuant to Clause 13. Such notification shall contain i) a description of the nature of the breach (including, where possible, categories and approximate number of data subjects and personal data records concerned), ii) its likely consequences, iii) the measures taken or proposed to address the breach, and iv) the details of a contact point from whom more information can be obtained. To the extent it is not possible for the data importer to provide all the information at the same time, it may do so in phases without undue further delay.

    (f) In case of a personal data breach that is likely to result in a high risk to the rights and freedoms of natural persons, the data importer shall also notify without undue delay the data subjects concerned of the personal data breach and its nature, if necessary in cooperation with the data exporter, together with the information referred to in paragraph (e), points ii) to iv), unless the data importer has implemented measures to significantly reduce the risk to the rights or freedoms of natural persons, or notification would involve disproportionate efforts. In the latter case, the data importer shall instead issue a public communication or take a similar measure to inform the public of the personal data breach.

    (g) The data importer shall document all relevant facts relating to the personal data breach, including its effects and any remedial action taken, and keep a record thereof.

    8.6 Sensitive data

    Where the transfer involves personal data revealing racial or ethnic origin, political opinions, religious or philosophical beliefs, or trade union membership, genetic data, or biometric data for the purpose of uniquely identifying a natural person, data concerning health or a person’s sex life or sexual orientation, or data relating to criminal convictions or offences (hereinafter ‘sensitive data’), the data importer shall apply specific restrictions and/or additional safeguards adapted to the specific nature of the data and the risks involved. This may include restricting the personnel permitted to access the personal data, additional security measures (such as pseudonymisation) and/or additional restrictions with respect to further disclosure.

    8.7 Onward transfers

    The data importer shall not disclose the personal data to a third party located outside the European Union [3] (in the same country as the data importer or in another third country, hereinafter ‘onward transfer’) unless the third party is or agrees to be bound by these Clauses, under the appropriate Module. Otherwise, an onward transfer by the data importer may only take place if:

    (i) it is to a country benefitting from an adequacy decision pursuant to Article 45 of Regulation (EU) 2016/679 that covers the onward transfer;

    (ii) the third party otherwise ensures appropriate safeguards pursuant to Articles 46 or 47 of Regulation (EU) 2016/679 with respect to the processing in question;

    (iii) the third party enters into a binding instrument with the data importer ensuring the same level of data protection as under these Clauses, and the data importer provides a copy of these safeguards to the data exporter;

    (iv) it is necessary for the establishment, exercise or defence of legal claims in the context of specific administrative, regulatory or judicial proceedings;

    (v) it is necessary in order to protect the vital interests of the data subject or of another natural person; or

    (vi) where none of the other conditions apply, the data importer has obtained the explicit consent of the data subject for an onward transfer in a specific situation, after having informed him/her of its purpose(s), the identity of the recipient and the possible risks of such transfer to him/her due to the lack of appropriate data protection safeguards. In this case, the data importer shall inform the data exporter and, at the request of the latter, shall transmit to it a copy of the information provided to the data subject.

    Any onward transfer is subject to compliance by the data importer with all the other safeguards under these Clauses, in particular purpose limitation.

    8.8 Processing under the authority of the data importer

    The data importer shall ensure that any person acting under its authority, including a processor, processes the data only on its instructions.

    8.9 Documentation and compliance

    (a) Each Party shall be able to demonstrate compliance with its obligations under these Clauses. In particular, the data importer shall keep appropriate documentation of the processing activities carried out under its responsibility.

    (b) The data importer shall make such documentation available to the competent supervisory authority on request.

    MODULE TWO: Transfer controller to processor

    8.1 Instructions

    (a) The data importer shall process the personal data only on documented instructions from the data exporter. The data exporter may give such instructions throughout the duration of the contract.

    (b) The data importer shall immediately inform the data exporter if it is unable to follow those instructions.

    8.2 Purpose limitation

    The data importer shall process the personal data only for the specific purpose(s) of the transfer, as set out in Annex I.B, unless on further instructions from the data exporter.

    8.3 Transparency

    On request, the data exporter shall make a copy of these Clauses, including the Appendix as completed by the Parties, available to the data subject free of charge. To the extent necessary to protect business secrets or other confidential information, including the measures described in Annex II and personal data, the data exporter may redact part of the text of the Appendix to these Clauses prior to sharing a copy, but shall provide a meaningful summary where the data subject would otherwise not be able to understand the its content or exercise his/her rights. On request, the Parties shall provide the data subject with the reasons for the redactions, to the extent possible without revealing the redacted information. This Clause is without prejudice to the obligations of the data exporter under Articles 13 and 14 of Regulation (EU) 2016/679.

    8.4 Accuracy

    If the data importer becomes aware that the personal data it has received is inaccurate, or has become outdated, it shall inform the data exporter without undue delay. In this case, the data importer shall cooperate with the data exporter to erase or rectify the data.

    8.5 Duration of processing and erasure or return of data

    Processing by the data importer shall only take place for the duration specified in Annex I.B. After the end of the provision of the processing services, the data importer shall, at the choice of the data exporter, delete all personal data processed on behalf of the data exporter and certify to the data exporter that it has done so, or return to the data exporter all personal data processed on its behalf and delete existing copies. Until the data is deleted or returned, the data importer shall continue to ensure compliance with these Clauses. In case of local laws applicable to the data importer that prohibit return or deletion of the personal data, the data importer warrants that it will continue to ensure compliance with these Clauses and will only process it to the extent and for as long as required under that local law. This is without prejudice to Clause 14, in particular the requirement for the data importer under Clause 14(e) to notify the data exporter throughout the duration of the contract if it has reason to believe that it is or has become subject to laws or practices not in line with the requirements under Clause 14(a).

    8.6 Security of processing

    (a) The data importer and, during transmission, also the data exporter shall implement appropriate technical and organisational measures to ensure the security of the data, including protection against a breach of security leading to accidental or unlawful destruction, loss, alteration, unauthorised disclosure or access to that data (hereinafter ‘personal data breach’). In assessing the appropriate level of security, the Parties shall take due account of the state of the art, the costs of implementation, the nature, scope, context and purpose(s) of processing and the risks involved in the processing for the data subjects. The Parties shall in particular consider having recourse to encryption or pseudonymisation, including during transmission, where the purpose of processing can be fulfilled in that manner. In case of pseudonymisation, the additional information for attributing the personal data to a specific data subject shall, where possible, remain under the exclusive control of the data exporter. In complying with its obligations under this paragraph, the data importer shall at least implement the technical and organisational measures specified in Annex II. The data importer shall carry out regular checks to ensure that these measures continue to provide an appropriate level of security.

    (b) The data importer shall grant access to the personal data to members of its personnel only to the extent strictly necessary for the implementation, management and monitoring of the contract. It shall ensure that persons authorised to process the personal data have committed themselves to confidentiality or are under an appropriate statutory obligation of confidentiality.

    (c) In the event of a personal data breach concerning personal data processed by the data importer under these Clauses, the data importer shall take appropriate measures to address the breach, including measures to mitigate its adverse effects. The data importer shall also notify the data exporter without undue delay after having become aware of the breach. Such notification shall contain the details of a contact point where more information can be obtained, a description of the nature of the breach (including, where possible, categories and approximate number of data subjects and personal data records concerned), its likely consequences and the measures taken or proposed to address the breach including, where appropriate, measures to mitigate its possible adverse effects. Where, and in so far as, it is not possible to provide all information at the same time, the initial notification shall contain the information then available and further information shall, as it becomes available, subsequently be provided without undue delay.

    (d) The data importer shall cooperate with and assist the data exporter to enable the data exporter to comply with its obligations under Regulation (EU) 2016/679, in particular to notify the competent supervisory authority and the affected data subjects, taking into account the nature of processing and the information available to the data importer.

    8.7 Sensitive data

    Where the transfer involves personal data revealing racial or ethnic origin, political opinions, religious or philosophical beliefs, or trade union membership, genetic data, or biometric data for the purpose of uniquely identifying a natural person, data concerning health or a person’s sex life or sexual orientation, or data relating to criminal convictions and offences (hereinafter ‘sensitive data’), the data importer shall apply the specific restrictions and/or additional safeguards described in Annex I.B.

    8.8 Onward transfers

    The data importer shall only disclose the personal data to a third party on documented instructions from the data exporter. In addition, the data may only be disclosed to a third party located outside the European Union [4] (in the same country as the data importer or in another third country, hereinafter ‘onward transfer’) if the third party is or agrees to be bound by these Clauses, under the appropriate Module, or if:

    (i) the onward transfer is to a country benefitting from an adequacy decision pursuant to Article 45 of Regulation (EU) 2016/679 that covers the onward transfer;

    (ii) the third party otherwise ensures appropriate safeguards pursuant to Articles 46 or 47 Regulation of (EU) 2016/679 with respect to the processing in question;

    (iii) the onward transfer is necessary for the establishment, exercise or defence of legal claims in the context of specific administrative, regulatory or judicial proceedings; or

    (iv) the onward transfer is necessary in order to protect the vital interests of the data subject or of another natural person.

    Any onward transfer is subject to compliance by the data importer with all the other safeguards under these Clauses, in particular purpose limitation.

    8.9 Documentation and compliance

    (a) The data importer shall promptly and adequately deal with enquiries from the data exporter that relate to the processing under these Clauses.

    (b) The Parties shall be able to demonstrate compliance with these Clauses. In particular, the data importer shall keep appropriate documentation on the processing activities carried out on behalf of the data exporter.

    (c) The data importer shall make available to the data exporter all information necessary to demonstrate compliance with the obligations set out in these Clauses and at the data exporter’s request, allow for and contribute to audits of the processing activities covered by these Clauses, at reasonable intervals or if there are indications of non-compliance. In deciding on a review or audit, the data exporter may take into account relevant certifications held by the data importer.

    (d) The data exporter may choose to conduct the audit by itself or mandate an independent auditor. Audits may include inspections at the premises or physical facilities of the data importer and shall, where appropriate, be carried out with reasonable notice.

    (e) The Parties shall make the information referred to in paragraphs (b) and (c), including the results of any audits, available to the competent supervisory authority on request.

    MODULE THREE: Transfer processor to processor

    8.1 Instructions

    (a) The data exporter has informed the data importer that it acts as processor under the instructions of its controller(s), which the data exporter shall make available to the data importer prior to processing.

    (b) The data importer shall process the personal data only on documented instructions from the controller, as communicated to the data importer by the data exporter, and any additional documented instructions from the data exporter. Such additional instructions shall not conflict with the instructions from the controller. The controller or data exporter may give further documented instructions regarding the data processing throughout the duration of the contract.

    (c) The data importer shall immediately inform the data exporter if it is unable to follow those instructions. Where the data importer is unable to follow the instructions from the controller, the data exporter shall immediately notify the controller.

    (d) The data exporter warrants that it has imposed the same data protection obligations on the data importer as set out in the contract or other legal act under Union or Member State law between the controller and the data exporter.[5]

    8.2 Purpose limitation

    The data importer shall process the personal data only for the specific purpose(s) of the transfer, as set out in Annex I.B., unless on further instructions from the controller, as communicated to the data importer by the data exporter, or from the data exporter.

    8.3 Transparency

    On request, the data exporter shall make a copy of these Clauses, including the Appendix as completed by the Parties, available to the data subject free of charge. To the extent necessary to protect business secrets or other confidential information, including personal data, the data exporter may redact part of the text of the Appendix prior to sharing a copy, but shall provide a meaningful summary where the data subject would otherwise not be able to understand its content or exercise his/her rights. On request, the Parties shall provide the data subject with the reasons for the redactions, to the extent possible without revealing the redacted information.

    8.4 Accuracy

    If the data importer becomes aware that the personal data it has received is inaccurate, or has become outdated, it shall inform the data exporter without undue delay. In this case, the data importer shall cooperate with the data exporter to rectify or erase the data.

    8.5 Duration of processing and erasure or return of data

    Processing by the data importer shall only take place for the duration specified in Annex I.B. After the end of the provision of the processing services, the data importer shall, at the choice of the data exporter, delete all personal data processed on behalf of the controller and certify to the data exporter that it has done so, or return to the data exporter all personal data processed on its behalf and delete existing copies. Until the data is deleted or returned, the data importer shall continue to ensure compliance with these Clauses. In case of local laws applicable to the data importer that prohibit return or deletion of the personal data, the data importer warrants that it will continue to ensure compliance with these Clauses and will only process it to the extent and for as long as required under that local law. This is without prejudice to Clause 14, in particular the requirement for the data importer under Clause 14(e) to notify the data exporter throughout the duration of the contract if it has reason to believe that it is or has become subject to laws or practices not in line with the requirements under Clause 14(a).

    8.6 Security of processing

    (a) The data importer and, during transmission, also the data exporter shall implement appropriate technical and organisational measures to ensure the security of the data, including protection against a breach of security leading to accidental or unlawful destruction, loss, alteration, unauthorised disclosure or access to that data (hereinafter ‘personal data breach’). In assessing the appropriate level of security, they shall take due account of the state of the art, the costs of implementation, the nature, scope, context and purpose(s) of processing and the risks involved in the processing for the data subject. The Parties shall in particular consider having recourse to encryption or pseudonymisation, including during transmission, where the purpose of processing can be fulfilled in that manner. In case of pseudonymisation, the additional information for attributing the personal data to a specific data subject shall, where possible, remain under the exclusive control of the data exporter or the controller. In complying with its obligations under this paragraph, the data importer shall at least implement the technical and organisational measures specified in Annex II. The data importer shall carry out regular checks to ensure that these measures continue to provide an appropriate level of security.

    (b) The data importer shall grant access to the data to members of its personnel only to the extent strictly necessary for the implementation, management and monitoring of the contract. It shall ensure that persons authorised to process the personal data have committed themselves to confidentiality or are under an appropriate statutory obligation of confidentiality.

    (c) In the event of a personal data breach concerning personal data processed by the data importer under these Clauses, the data importer shall take appropriate measures to address the breach, including measures to mitigate its adverse effects. The data importer shall also notify, without undue delay, the data exporter and, where appropriate and feasible, the controller after having become aware of the breach. Such notification shall contain the details of a contact point where more information can be obtained, a description of the nature of the breach (including, where possible, categories and approximate number of data subjects and personal data records concerned), its likely consequences and the measures taken or proposed to address the data breach, including measures to mitigate its possible adverse effects. Where, and in so far as, it is not possible to provide all information at the same time, the initial notification shall contain the information then available and further information shall, as it becomes available, subsequently be provided without undue delay.

    (d) The data importer shall cooperate with and assist the data exporter to enable the data exporter to comply with its obligations under Regulation (EU) 2016/679, in particular to notify its controller so that the latter may in turn notify the competent supervisory authority and the affected data subjects, taking into account the nature of processing and the information available to the data importer.

    8.7 Sensitive data

    Where the transfer involves personal data revealing racial or ethnic origin, political opinions, religious or philosophical beliefs, or trade union membership, genetic data, or biometric data for the purpose of uniquely identifying a natural person, data concerning health or a person’s sex life or sexual orientation, or data relating to criminal convictions and offences (hereinafter ‘sensitive data’), the data importer shall apply the specific restrictions and/or additional safeguards set out in Annex I.B.

    8.8 Onward transfers

    The data importer shall only disclose the personal data to a third party on documented instructions from the controller, as communicated to the data importer by the data exporter. In addition, the data may only be disclosed to a third party located outside the European Union [6] (in the same country as the data importer or in another third country, hereinafter ‘onward transfer’) if the third party is or agrees to be bound by these Clauses, under the appropriate Module, or if:

    (i) the onward transfer is to a country benefitting from an adequacy decision pursuant to Article 45 of Regulation (EU) 2016/679 that covers the onward transfer;

    (ii) the third party otherwise ensures appropriate safeguards pursuant to Articles 46 or 47 of Regulation (EU) 2016/679;

    (iii) the onward transfer is necessary for the establishment, exercise or defence of legal claims in the context of specific administrative, regulatory or judicial proceedings; or

    (iv) the onward transfer is necessary in order to protect the vital interests of the data subject or of another natural person.

    Any onward transfer is subject to compliance by the data importer with all the other safeguards under these Clauses, in particular purpose limitation.

    8.9 Documentation and compliance

    (a) The data importer shall promptly and adequately deal with enquiries from the data exporter or the controller that relate to the processing under these Clauses.

    (b) The Parties shall be able to demonstrate compliance with these Clauses. In particular, the data importer shall keep appropriate documentation on the processing activities carried out on behalf of the controller.

    (c) The data importer shall make all information necessary to demonstrate compliance with the obligations set out in these Clauses available to the data exporter, which shall provide it to the controller.

    (d) The data importer shall allow for and contribute to audits by the data exporter of the processing activities covered by these Clauses, at reasonable intervals or if there are indications of non-compliance. The same shall apply where the data exporter requests an audit on instructions of the controller. In deciding on an audit, the data exporter may take into account relevant certifications held by the data importer.

    (e) Where the audit is carried out on the instructions of the controller, the data exporter shall make the results available to the controller.

    (f) The data exporter may choose to conduct the audit by itself or mandate an independent auditor. Audits may include inspections at the premises or physical facilities of the data importer and shall, where appropriate, be carried out with reasonable notice.

    (g) The Parties shall make the information referred to in paragraphs (b) and (c), including the results of any audits, available to the competent supervisory authority on request.

    MODULE FOUR: Transfer processor to controller

    8.1 Instructions

    (a) The data exporter shall process the personal data only on documented instructions from the data importer acting as its controller.

    (b) The data exporter shall immediately inform the data importer if it is unable to follow those instructions, including if such instructions infringe Regulation (EU) 2016/679 or other Union or Member State data protection law.

    (c) The data importer shall refrain from any action that would prevent the data exporter from fulfilling its obligations under Regulation (EU) 2016/679, including in the context of sub-processing or as regards cooperation with competent supervisory authorities.

    (d) After the end of the provision of the processing services, the data exporter shall, at the choice of the data importer, delete all personal data processed on behalf of the data importer and certify to the data importer that it has done so, or return to the data importer all personal data processed on its behalf and delete existing copies.

    8.2 Security of processing

    (a) The Parties shall implement appropriate technical and organisational measures to ensure the security of the data, including during transmission, and protection against a breach of security leading to accidental or unlawful destruction, loss, alteration, unauthorised disclosure or access (hereinafter ‘personal data breach’). In assessing the appropriate level of security, they shall take due account of the state of the art, the costs of implementation, the nature of the personal data, [7] the nature, scope, context and purpose(s) of processing and the risks involved in the processing for the data subjects, and in particular consider having recourse to encryption or pseudonymisation, including during transmission, where the purpose of processing can be fulfilled in that manner.

    (b) The data exporter shall assist the data importer in ensuring appropriate security of the data in accordance with paragraph (a). In case of a personal data breach concerning the personal data processed by the data exporter under these Clauses, the data exporter shall notify the data importer without undue delay after becoming aware of it and assist the data importer in addressing the breach.

    (c) The data exporter shall ensure that persons authorised to process the personal data have committed themselves to confidentiality or are under an appropriate statutory obligation of confidentiality.

    8.3 Documentation and compliance

    (a) The Parties shall be able to demonstrate compliance with these Clauses.

    (b) The data exporter shall make available to the data importer all information necessary to demonstrate compliance with its obligations under these Clauses and allow for and contribute to audits.

    Clause 9 – Use of sub-processors

    MODULE TWO: Transfer controller to processor

    (a) GENERAL WRITTEN AUTHORISATION: The data importer has the data exporter’s general authorisation for the engagement of sub-processor(s) from an agreed list. The data importer shall specifically inform the data exporter in writing of any intended changes to that list through the addition or replacement of sub-processors at least 30 days in advance, thereby giving the data exporter sufficient time to be able to object to such changes prior to the engagement of the sub-processor(s). The data importer shall provide the data exporter with the information necessary to enable the data exporter to exercise its right to object.

    (b) Where the data importer engages a sub-processor to carry out specific processing activities (on behalf of the data exporter), it shall do so by way of a written contract that provides for, in substance, the same data protection obligations as those binding the data importer under these Clauses, including in terms of third-party beneficiary rights for data subjects.[8] The Parties agree that, by complying with this Clause, the data importer fulfils its obligations under Clause 8.8. The data importer shall ensure that the sub-processor complies with the obligations to which the data importer is subject pursuant to these Clauses.

    (c) The data importer shall provide, at the data exporter’s request, a copy of such a sub-processor agreement and any subsequent amendments to the data exporter. To the extent necessary to protect business secrets or other confidential information, including personal data, the data importer may redact the text of the agreement prior to sharing a copy.

    (d) The data importer shall remain fully responsible to the data exporter for the performance of the sub-processor’s obligations under its contract with the data importer. The data importer shall notify the data exporter of any failure by the sub-processor to fulfil its obligations under that contract.

    (e) The data importer shall agree a third-party beneficiary clause with the sub-processor whereby – in the event the data importer has factually disappeared, ceased to exist in law or has become insolvent – the data exporter shall have the right to terminate the sub-processor contract and to instruct the sub-processor to erase or return the personal data.

    MODULE THREE: Transfer processor to processor

    (a) GENERAL WRITTEN AUTHORISATION The data importer has the controller’s general authorisation for the engagement of sub-processor(s) from an agreed list. The data importer shall specifically inform the controller in writing of any intended changes to that list through the addition or replacement of sub-processors at least [Specify time period] in advance, thereby giving the controller sufficient time to be able to object to such changes prior to the engagement of the sub-processor(s). The data importer shall provide the controller with the information necessary to enable the controller to exercise its right to object. The data importer shall inform the data exporter of the engagement of the sub-processor(s).

    (b) Where the data importer engages a sub-processor to carry out specific processing activities (on behalf of the controller), it shall do so by way of a written contract that provides for, in substance, the same data protection obligations as those binding the data importer under these Clauses, including in terms of third-party beneficiary rights for data subjects.[9] The Parties agree that, by complying with this Clause, the data importer fulfils its obligations under Clause 8.8. The data importer shall ensure that the sub-processor complies with the obligations to which the data importer is subject pursuant to these Clauses.

    (c) The data importer shall provide, at the data exporter’s or controller’s request, a copy of such a sub-processor agreement and any subsequent amendments. To the extent necessary to protect business secrets or other confidential information, including personal data, the data importer may redact the text of the agreement prior to sharing a copy.

    (d) The data importer shall remain fully responsible to the data exporter for the performance of the sub-processor’s obligations under its contract with the data importer. The data importer shall notify the data exporter of any failure by the sub-processor to fulfil its obligations under that contract.

    (e) The data importer shall agree a third-party beneficiary clause with the sub-processor whereby – in the event the data importer has factually disappeared, ceased to exist in law or has become insolvent – the data exporter shall have the right to terminate the sub-processor contract and to instruct the sub-processor to erase or return the personal data.

    Clause 10 – Data subject rights

    MODULE ONE: Transfer controller to controller

    (a) The data importer, where relevant with the assistance of the data exporter, shall deal with any enquiries and requests it receives from a data subject relating to the processing of his/her personal data and the exercise of his/her rights under these Clauses without undue delay and at the latest within one month of the receipt of the enquiry or request. [10] The data importer shall take appropriate measures to facilitate such enquiries, requests and the exercise of data subject rights. Any information provided to the data subject shall be in an intelligible and easily accessible form, using clear and plain language.

    (b) In particular, upon request by the data subject the data importer shall, free of charge:

    (i) provide confirmation to the data subject as to whether personal data concerning him/her is being processed and, where this is the case, a copy of the data relating to him/her and the information in Annex I; if personal data has been or will be onward transferred, provide information on recipients or categories of recipients (as appropriate with a view to providing meaningful information) to which the personal data has been or will be onward transferred, the purpose of such onward transfers and their ground pursuant to Clause 8.7; and provide information on the right to lodge a complaint with a supervisory authority in accordance with Clause 12(c)(i);

    (ii) rectify inaccurate or incomplete data concerning the data subject;

    (iii) erase personal data concerning the data subject if such data is being or has been processed in violation of any of these Clauses ensuring third-party beneficiary rights, or if the data subject withdraws the consent on which the processing is based.

    (c) Where the data importer processes the personal data for direct marketing purposes, it shall cease processing for such purposes if the data subject objects to it.

    (d) The data importer shall not make a decision based solely on the automated processing of the personal data transferred (hereinafter ‘automated decision’), which would produce legal effects concerning the data subject or similarly significantly affect him/her, unless with the explicit consent of the data subject or if authorised to do so under the laws of the country of destination, provided that such laws lays down suitable measures to safeguard the data subject’s rights and legitimate interests. In this case, the data importer shall, where necessary in cooperation with the data exporter:

    (i) inform the data subject about the envisaged automated decision, the envisaged consequences and the logic involved; and

    (ii) implement suitable safeguards, at least by enabling the data subject to contest the decision, express his/her point of view and obtain review by a human being.

    (e) Where requests from a data subject are excessive, in particular because of their repetitive character, the data importer may either charge a reasonable fee taking into account the administrative costs of granting the request or refuse to act on the request.

    (f) The data importer may refuse a data subject’s request if such refusal is allowed under the laws of the country of destination and is necessary and proportionate in a democratic society to protect one of the objectives listed in Article 23(1) of Regulation (EU) 2016/679.

    (g) If the data importer intends to refuse a data subject’s request, it shall inform the data subject of the reasons for the refusal and the possibility of lodging a complaint with the competent supervisory authority and/or seeking judicial redress.

    MODULE TWO: Transfer controller to processor

    (a) The data importer shall promptly notify the data exporter of any request it has received from a data subject. It shall not respond to that request itself unless it has been authorised to do so by the data exporter.

    (b) The data importer shall assist the data exporter in fulfilling its obligations to respond to data subjects’ requests for the exercise of their rights under Regulation (EU) 2016/679. In this regard, the Parties shall set out in Annex II the appropriate technical and organisational measures, taking into account the nature of the processing, by which the assistance shall be provided, as well as the scope and the extent of the assistance required.

    (c) In fulfilling its obligations under paragraphs (a) and (b), the data importer shall comply with the instructions from the data exporter.

    MODULE THREE: Transfer processor to processor

    (a) The data importer shall promptly notify the data exporter and, where appropriate, the controller of any request it has received from a data subject, without responding to that request unless it has been authorised to do so by the controller.

    (b) The data importer shall assist, where appropriate in cooperation with the data exporter, the controller in fulfilling its obligations to respond to data subjects’ requests for the exercise of their rights under Regulation (EU) 2016/679 or Regulation (EU) 2018/1725, as applicable. In this regard, the Parties shall set out in Annex II the appropriate technical and organisational measures, taking into account the nature of the processing, by which the assistance shall be provided, as well as the scope and the extent of the assistance required.

    (c) In fulfilling its obligations under paragraphs (a) and (b), the data importer shall comply with the instructions from the controller, as communicated by the data exporter.

    MODULE FOUR: Transfer processor to controller

    The Parties shall assist each other in responding to enquiries and requests made by data subjects under the local law applicable to the data importer or, for data processing by the data exporter in the EU, under Regulation (EU) 2016/679.

    Clause 11 – Redress

    (a) The data importer shall inform data subjects in a transparent and easily accessible format, through individual notice or on its website, of a contact point authorised to handle complaints. It shall deal promptly with any complaints it receives from a data subject.

    MODULE ONE: Transfer controller to controller

    MODULE TWO: Transfer controller to processor

    MODULE THREE: Transfer processor to processor

    (b) In case of a dispute between a data subject and one of the Parties as regards compliance with these Clauses, that Party shall use its best efforts to resolve the issue amicably in a timely fashion. The Parties shall keep each other informed about such disputes and, where appropriate, cooperate in resolving them.

    (c) Where the data subject invokes a third-party beneficiary right pursuant to Clause 3, the data importer shall accept the decision of the data subject to:

    (i) lodge a complaint with the supervisory authority in the Member State of his/her habitual residence or place of work, or the competent supervisory authority pursuant to Clause 13;

    (ii) refer the dispute to the competent courts within the meaning of Clause 18.

    (d) The Parties accept that the data subject may be represented by a not-for-profit body, organisation or association under the conditions set out in Article 80(1) of Regulation (EU) 2016/679.

    (e) The data importer shall abide by a decision that is binding under the applicable EU or Member State law.

    (f) The data importer agrees that the choice made by the data subject will not prejudice his/her substantive and procedural rights to seek remedies in accordance with applicable laws.

    Clause 12 – Liability

    MODULE ONE: Transfer controller to controller

    MODULE FOUR: Transfer processor to controller

    (a) Each Party shall be liable to the other Party/ies for any damages it causes the other Party/ies by any breach of these Clauses.

    (b) Each Party shall be liable to the data subject, and the data subject shall be entitled to receive compensation, for any material or non-material damages that the Party causes the data subject by breaching the third-party beneficiary rights under these Clauses. This is without prejudice to the liability of the data exporter under Regulation (EU) 2016/679.

    (c) Where more than one Party is responsible for any damage caused to the data subject as a result of a breach of these Clauses, all responsible Parties shall be jointly and severally liable and the data subject is entitled to bring an action in court against any of these Parties.

    (d) The Parties agree that if one Party is held liable under paragraph (c), it shall be entitled to claim back from the other Party/ies that part of the compensation corresponding to its/their responsibility for the damage.

    (e) The data importer may not invoke the conduct of a processor or sub-processor to avoid its own liability.

    MODULE TWO: Transfer controller to processor

    MODULE THREE: Transfer processor to processor

    (a) Each Party shall be liable to the other Party/ies for any damages it causes the other Party/ies by any breach of these Clauses.

    (b) The data importer shall be liable to the data subject, and the data subject shall be entitled to receive compensation, for any material or non-material damages the data importer or its sub-processor causes the data subject by breaching the third-party beneficiary rights under these Clauses.

    (c) Notwithstanding paragraph (b), the data exporter shall be liable to the data subject, and the data subject shall be entitled to receive compensation, for any material or non-material damages the data exporter or the data importer (or its sub-processor) causes the data subject by breaching the third-party beneficiary rights under these Clauses. This is without prejudice to the liability of the data exporter and, where the data exporter is a processor acting on behalf of a controller, to the liability of the controller under Regulation (EU) 2016/679 or Regulation (EU) 2018/1725, as applicable.

    (d) The Parties agree that if the data exporter is held liable under paragraph (c) for damages caused by the data importer (or its sub-processor), it shall be entitled to claim back from the data importer that part of the compensation corresponding to the data importer’s responsibility for the damage.

    (e) Where more than one Party is responsible for any damage caused to the data subject as a result of a breach of these Clauses, all responsible Parties shall be jointly and severally liable and the data subject is entitled to bring an action in court against any of these Parties.

    (f) The Parties agree that if one Party is held liable under paragraph (e), it shall be entitled to claim back from the other Party/ies that part of the compensation corresponding to its/their responsibility for the damage.

    (g) The data importer may not invoke the conduct of a sub-processor to avoid its own liability.

    Clause 13 – Supervision

    MODULE ONE: Transfer controller to controller

    MODULE TWO: Transfer controller to processor

    MODULE THREE: Transfer processor to processor

    (a) [ Where the data exporter is established in an EU Member State :] The supervisory authority with responsibility for ensuring compliance by the data exporter with Regulation (EU) 2016/679 as regards the data transfer, as indicated in Annex I.C, shall act as competent supervisory authority.

    [ Where the data exporter is not established in an EU Member State, but falls within the territorial scope of application of Regulation (EU) 2016/679 in accordance with its Article 3(2) and has appointed a representative pursuant to Article 27(1) of Regulation (EU) 2016/679 :] The supervisory authority of the Member State in which the representative within the meaning of Article 27(1) of Regulation (EU) 2016/679 is established, as indicated in Annex I.C, shall act as competent supervisory authority.

    [ Where the data exporter is not established in an EU Member State, but falls within the territorial scope of application of Regulation (EU) 2016/679 in accordance with its Article 3(2) without however having to appoint a representative pursuant to Article 27(2) of Regulation (EU) 2016/679 :] The supervisory authority of one of the Member States in which the data subjects whose personal data is transferred under these Clauses in relation to the offering of goods or services to them, or whose behaviour is monitored, are located, as indicated in Annex I.C, shall act as competent supervisory authority.

    (b) The data importer agrees to submit itself to the jurisdiction of and cooperate with the competent supervisory authority in any procedures aimed at ensuring compliance with these Clauses. In particular, the data importer agrees to respond to enquiries, submit to audits and comply with the measures adopted by the supervisory authority, including remedial and compensatory measures. It shall provide the supervisory authority with written confirmation that the necessary actions have been taken.

    SECTION III – LOCAL LAWS AND OBLIGATIONS IN CASE OF ACCESS BY PUBLIC AUTHORITIES

    Clause 14 – Local laws and practices affecting compliance with the Clauses

    MODULE ONE: Transfer controller to controller

    MODULE TWO: Transfer controller to processor

    MODULE THREE: Transfer processor to processor

    MODULE FOUR: Transfer processor to controller (where the EU processor combines the personal data received from the third country-controller with personal data collected by the processor in the EU)

    (a) The Parties warrant that they have no reason to believe that the laws and practices in the third country of destination applicable to the processing of the personal data by the data importer, including any requirements to disclose personal data or measures authorising access by public authorities, prevent the data importer from fulfilling its obligations under these Clauses. This is based on the understanding that laws and practices that respect the essence of the fundamental rights and freedoms and do not exceed what is necessary and proportionate in a democratic society to safeguard one of the objectives listed in Article 23(1) of Regulation (EU) 2016/679, are not in contradiction with these Clauses.

    (b) The Parties declare that in providing the warranty in paragraph (a), they have taken due account in particular of the following elements:

    (i) the specific circumstances of the transfer, including the length of the processing chain, the number of actors involved and the transmission channels used; intended onward transfers; the type of recipient; the purpose of processing; the categories and format of the transferred personal data; the economic sector in which the transfer occurs; the storage location of the data transferred;

    (ii) the laws and practices of the third country of destination– including those requiring the disclosure of data to public authorities or authorising access by such authorities – relevant in light of the specific circumstances of the transfer, and the applicable limitations and safeguards;[11]

    (iii) any relevant contractual, technical or organisational safeguards put in place to supplement the safeguards under these Clauses, including measures applied during transmission and to the processing of the personal data in the country of destination.

    (c) The data importer warrants that, in carrying out the assessment under paragraph (b), it has made its best efforts to provide the data exporter with relevant information and agrees that it will continue to cooperate with the data exporter in ensuring compliance with these Clauses.

    (d) The Parties agree to document the assessment under paragraph (b) and make it available to the competent supervisory authority on request.

    (e) The data importer agrees to notify the data exporter promptly if, after having agreed to these Clauses and for the duration of the contract, it has reason to believe that it is or has become subject to laws or practices not in line with the requirements under paragraph (a), including following a change in the laws of the third country or a measure (such as a disclosure request) indicating an application of such laws in practice that is not in line with the requirements in paragraph (a). [ For Module Three: The data exporter shall forward the notification to the controller.]

    (f) Following a notification pursuant to paragraph (e), or if the data exporter otherwise has reason to believe that the data importer can no longer fulfil its obligations under these Clauses, the data exporter shall promptly identify appropriate measures (e.g. technical or organisational measures to ensure security and confidentiality) to be adopted by the data exporter and/or data importer to address the situation [ for Module Three:, if appropriate in consultation with the controller]. The data exporter shall suspend the data transfer if it considers that no appropriate safeguards for such transfer can be ensured, or if instructed by [for Module Three: the controller or] the competent supervisory authority to do so. In this case, the data exporter shall be entitled to terminate the contract, insofar as it concerns the processing of personal data under these Clauses. If the contract involves more than two Parties, the data exporter may exercise this right to termination only with respect to the relevant Party, unless the Parties have agreed otherwise. Where the contract is terminated pursuant to this Clause, Clause 16(d) and (e) shall apply.

    Clause 15 – Obligations of the data importer in case of access by public authorities

    MODULE ONE: Transfer controller to controller

    MODULE TWO: Transfer controller to processor

    MODULE THREE: Transfer processor to processor

    MODULE FOUR: Transfer processor to controller (where the EU processor combines the personal data received from the third country-controller with personal data collected by the processor in the EU)

    15.1 Notification

    (a) The data importer agrees to notify the data exporter and, where possible, the data subject promptly (if necessary with the help of the data exporter) if it:

    (i) receives a legally binding request from a public authority, including judicial authorities, under the laws of the country of destination for the disclosure of personal data transferred pursuant to these Clauses; such notification shall include information about the personal data requested, the requesting authority, the legal basis for the request and the response provided; or

    (ii) becomes aware of any direct access by public authorities to personal data transferred pursuant to these Clauses in accordance with the laws of the country of destination; such notification shall include all information available to the importer.

    [For Module Three: The data exporter shall forward the notification to the controller.]

    (b) If the data importer is prohibited from notifying the data exporter and/or the data subject under the laws of the country of destination, the data importer agrees to use its best efforts to obtain a waiver of the prohibition, with a view to communicating as much information as possible, as soon as possible. The data importer agrees to document its best efforts in order to be able to demonstrate them on request of the data exporter.

    (c) Where permissible under the laws of the country of destination, the data importer agrees to provide the data exporter, at regular intervals for the duration of the contract, with as much relevant information as possible on the requests received (in particular, number of requests, type of data requested, requesting authority/ies, whether requests have been challenged and the outcome of such challenges, etc.). [ For Module Three: The data exporter shall forward the information to the controller.]

    (d) The data importer agrees to preserve the information pursuant to paragraphs (a) to (c) for the duration of the contract and make it available to the competent supervisory authority on request.

    (e) Paragraphs (a) to (c) are without prejudice to the obligation of the data importer pursuant to Clause 14(e) and Clause 16 to inform the data exporter promptly where it is unable to comply with these Clauses.

    15.2 Review of legality and data minimisation

    (a) The data importer agrees to review the legality of the request for disclosure, in particular whether it remains within the powers granted to the requesting public authority, and to challenge the request if, after careful assessment, it concludes that there are reasonable grounds to consider that the request is unlawful under the laws of the country of destination, applicable obligations under international law and principles of international comity. The data importer shall, under the same conditions, pursue possibilities of appeal. When challenging a request, the data importer shall seek interim measures with a view to suspending the effects of the request until the competent judicial authority has decided on its merits. It shall not disclose the personal data requested until required to do so under the applicable procedural rules. These requirements are without prejudice to the obligations of the data importer under Clause 14(e).

    (b) The data importer agrees to document its legal assessment and any challenge to the request for disclosure and, to the extent permissible under the laws of the country of destination, make the documentation available to the data exporter. It shall also make it available to the competent supervisory authority on request. [ For Module Three: The data exporter shall make the assessment available to the controller.]

    (c) The data importer agrees to provide the minimum amount of information permissible when responding to a request for disclosure, based on a reasonable interpretation of the request.

    SECTION IV – FINAL PROVISIONS

    Clause 16 – Non-compliance with the Clauses and termination

    (a) The data importer shall promptly inform the data exporter if it is unable to comply with these Clauses, for whatever reason.

    (b) In the event that the data importer is in breach of these Clauses or unable to comply with these Clauses, the data exporter shall suspend the transfer of personal data to the data importer until compliance is again ensured or the contract is terminated. This is without prejudice to Clause 14(f).

    (c) The data exporter shall be entitled to terminate the contract, insofar as it concerns the processing of personal data under these Clauses, where:

    (i) the data exporter has suspended the transfer of personal data to the data importer pursuant to paragraph (b) and compliance with these Clauses is not restored within a reasonable time and in any event within one month of suspension;

    (ii) the data importer is in substantial or persistent breach of these Clauses; or

    (iii) the data importer fails to comply with a binding decision of a competent court or supervisory authority regarding its obligations under these Clauses.

    In these cases, it shall inform the competent supervisory authority [ for Module Three: and the controller] of such non-compliance. Where the contract involves more than two Parties, the data exporter may exercise this right to termination only with respect to the relevant Party, unless the Parties have agreed otherwise.

    (d) [For Modules One, Two and Three: Personal data that has been transferred prior to the termination of the contract pursuant to paragraph (c) shall at the choice of the data exporter immediately be returned to the data exporter or deleted in its entirety. The same shall apply to any copies of the data.] [ For Module Four: Personal data collected by the data exporter in the EU that has been transferred prior to the termination of the contract pursuant to paragraph (c) shall immediately be deleted in its entirety, including any copy thereof.] The data importer shall certify the deletion of the data to the data exporter. Until the data is deleted or returned, the data importer shall continue to ensure compliance with these Clauses. In case of local laws applicable to the data importer that prohibit the return or deletion of the transferred personal data, the data importer warrants that it will continue to ensure compliance with these Clauses and will only process the data to the extent and for as long as required under that local law.

    (e) Either Party may revoke its agreement to be bound by these Clauses where (i) the European Commission adopts a decision pursuant to Article 45(3) of Regulation (EU) 2016/679 that covers the transfer of personal data to which these Clauses apply; or (ii) Regulation (EU) 2016/679 becomes part of the legal framework of the country to which the personal data is transferred. This is without prejudice to other obligations applying to the processing in question under Regulation (EU) 2016/679.

    Clause 17 – Governing law

    MODULE ONE: Transfer controller to controller

    MODULE TWO: Transfer controller to processor

    MODULE THREE: Transfer processor to processor

    These Clauses shall be governed by the law of one of the EU Member States, provided such law allows for third-party beneficiary rights. The Parties agree that this shall be the law of Ireland ( specify Member State).]

    MODULE FOUR: Transfer processor to controller

    These Clauses shall be governed by the law of a country allowing for third-party beneficiary rights. The Parties agree that this shall be the law of Ireland (specify country ).

    Clause 18 – Choice of forum and jurisdiction

    MODULE ONE: Transfer controller to controller

    MODULE TWO: Transfer controller to processor

    MODULE THREE: Transfer processor to processor

    (a) Any dispute arising from these Clauses shall be resolved by the courts of an EU Member State.

    (b) The Parties agree that those shall be the courts of Ireland ( specify Member State).

    (c) A data subject may also bring legal proceedings against the data exporter and/or data importer before the courts of the Member State in which he/she has his/her habitual residence.

    (d) The Parties agree to submit themselves to the jurisdiction of such courts.

    MODULE FOUR: Transfer processor to controller

    Any dispute arising from these Clauses shall be resolved by the courts of Ireland (specify country).

    Appendix


    EXPLANATORY NOTE: It must be possible to clearly distinguish the information applicable to each transfer or category of transfers and, in this regard, to determine the respective role(s) of the Parties as data exporter(s) and/or data importer(s). This does not necessarily require completing and signing separate appendices for each transfer/category of transfers and/or contractual relationship, where this transparency can achieved through one appendix. However, where necessary to ensure sufficient clarity, separate appendices should be used.


    ANNEX I

    A. LIST OF PARTIES

    MODULE ONE: Transfer controller to controller

    MODULE TWO: Transfer controller to processor

    MODULE THREE: Transfer processor to processor

    MODULE FOUR: Transfer processor to controller

    Data exporter(s): [ Identity and contact details of the data exporter(s) and, where applicable, of its/their data protection officer and/or representative in the European Union ]

    The Customer, as defined in the Data Processing Agreement and applicable ordering document.

    Activities relevant to the data transferred under these Clauses:

    · The activities relevant to the data transferred under these Clauses are more fully described in the Agreement, Addendum 1 to the DPA, and applicable ordering documents.

    Role (controller/processor):

    • Controller

    Data importer(s): [ Identity and contact details of the data importer(s), including any contact person with responsibility for data protection ]

    Name: Lytx, Inc.

    Address: 9785 Towne Centre Drive, San Diego, CA, 92121 USA

    Lytx Privacy Department and contact details: privacy@@lytx.com

    Activities relevant to the data transferred under these Clauses:

    · The activities relevant to the data transferred under these Clauses are more fully described in the Agreement, Addendum 1 and Addendum 2 to the DPA, and applicable ordering documents.

    Role (controller/processor):

    • Processor

    B. DESCRIPTION OF TRANSFER

    MODULE ONE: Transfer controller to controller

    MODULE TWO: Transfer controller to processor

    MODULE THREE: Transfer processor to processor

    MODULE FOUR: Transfer processor to controller NOT APPLICABLE]

    Categories of data subjects whose personal data is transferred

    · The categories of data subjects is described in Addendum 1 to the DPA.

    Categories of personal data transferred

    · The categories of personal data transferred is described in Addendum 1 to the DPA.

    Sensitive data transferred (if applicable) and applied restrictions or safeguards that fully take into consideration the nature of the data and the risks involved, such as for instance strict purpose limitation, access restrictions (including access only for staff having followed specialised training), keeping a record of access to the data, restrictions for onward transfers or additional security measures.

    · Sensitive data transferred under these SCC’s is described in Addendum 1 to the DPA.

    The frequency of the transfer (e.g. whether the data is transferred on a one-off or continuous basis).

    · The frequency of the transfer is described in Addendum 1 to the DPA.

    Nature of the processing

    · The nature of the processing is described in Addendum 1 to the DPA.

    Purpose(s) of the data transfer and further processing

    · The purpose of the data transfer and further processing is described in Addendum 1 to the DPA.

    The period for which the personal data will be retained, or, if that is not possible, the criteria used to determine that period

    · The Processing will continue for the period described in Addendum 1 to the DPA.

    For transfers to (sub-) processors, also specify subject matter, nature and duration of the processing

    · The information related to transfers to (sub)-processors is described in Addendum 1 to the DPA.

    C. COMPETENT SUPERVISORY AUTHORITY

    MODULE ONE: Transfer controller to controller

    MODULE TWO: Transfer controller to processor

    MODULE THREE: Transfer processor to processor

    Identify the competent supervisory authority/ies in accordance with Clause 13

    Supervisory authority as determined by Customer in accordance with Clause 13.

    ANNEX II
    TECHNICAL AND ORGANISATIONAL MEASURES INCLUDING TECHNICAL AND ORGANISATIONAL MEASURES TO ENSURE THE SECURITY OF THE DATA

    MODULE ONE: Transfer controller to controller

    MODULE TWO: Transfer controller to processor

    MODULE THREE: Transfer processor to processor

    EXPLANATORY NOTE: The technical and organisational measures must be described in specific (and not generic) terms. See also the general comment on the first page of the Appendix, in particular on the need to clearly indicate which measures apply to each transfer/set of transfers.

    Description of the technical and organisational measures implemented by the data importer(s) (including any relevant certifications) to ensure an appropriate level of security, taking into account the nature, scope, context and purpose of the processing, and the risks for the rights and freedoms of natural persons.

    The description of technical and organization measures designed to ensure the security of Personal Data is described more fully in Addendum 2 to the DPA.

    For transfers to (sub-) processors, also describe the specific technical and organisational measures to be taken by the (sub-) processor to be able to provide assistance to the controller and, for transfers from a processor to a sub-processor, to the data exporter.

    The description of technical and organization measures designed to ensure the security of Personal Data processed by Sub-processors is described more fully in Addendum 2 to the DPA.


    Addendum 4 to the DPA – Controller to Processor Standard Contractual Clauses (UK Only)

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Description automatically generated with low confidence

    EUROPEAN COMMISSION

    DIRECTORATE-GENERAL JUSTICE

    Directorate C: Fundamental rights and Union citizenship

    Unit C.3: Data protection


    Commission Decision C(2010)593
    Standard Contractual Clauses (processors)

    For the purposes of Article 26(2) of Directive 95/46/EC for the transfer of personal data to processors established in third countries which do not ensure an adequate level of data protection

    Customer, as defined in the DPA,

    (the data exporter)

    And

    Lytx, Inc.

    9785 Towne Centre Drive, San Diego, CA, 92121 USA

    Tel.: +1-858-430-4000 ; fax: :+1-858-430-4001 ; e-mail: privacy@lytx.com

    (the data importer)

    each a “party”; together “the parties”,

    HAVE AGREED on the following Contractual Clauses (the Clauses) in order to adduce adequate safeguards with respect to the protection of privacy and fundamental rights and freedoms of individuals for the transfer by the data exporter to the data importer of the personal data specified in Appendix 1.

    Clause 1

    Definitions

    For the purposes of the Clauses:

    • (a) ‘personal data’, ‘special categories of data’, ‘process/processing’, ‘controller’, ‘processor’, ‘data subject’ and ‘supervisory authority’ shall have the same meaning as in Directive 95/46/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 24 October 1995 on the protection of individuals with regard to the processing of personal data and on the free movement of such data;
    • (b) ‘the data exporter’ means the controller who transfers the personal data;
    • (c) ‘the data importer’ means the processor who agrees to receive from the data exporter personal data intended for processing on his behalf after the transfer in accordance with his instructions and the terms of the Clauses and who is not subject to a third country’s system ensuring adequate protection within the meaning of Article 25(1) of Directive 95/46/EC;
    • (d) ‘the subprocessor’ means any processor engaged by the data importer or by any other subprocessor of the data importer who agrees to receive from the data importer or from any other subprocessor of the data importer personal data exclusively intended for processing activities to be carried out on behalf of the data exporter after the transfer in accordance with his instructions, the terms of the Clauses and the terms of the written subcontract;
    • (e) ‘the applicable data protection law means the legislation protecting the fundamental rights and freedoms of individuals and, in particular, their right to privacy with respect to the processing of personal data applicable to a data controller in the Member State in which the data exporter is established;
    • (f) ‘technical and organisational security measures’ means those measures aimed at protecting personal data against accidental or unlawful destruction or accidental loss, alteration, unauthorised disclosure or access, in particular where the processing involves the transmission of data over a network, and against all other unlawful forms of processing.

    Clause 2

    Details of the transfer

    The details of the transfer and in particular the special categories of personal data where applicable are specified in Appendix 1 which forms an integral part of the Clauses.

    Clause 3

    Third-party beneficiary clause

    1. The data subject can enforce against the data exporter this Clause, Clause 4(b) to (i), Clause 5(a) to (e), and (g) to (j), Clause 6(1) and (2), Clause 7, Clause 8(2), and Clauses 9 to 12 as third-party beneficiary.
    2. The data subject can enforce against the data importer this Clause, Clause 5(a) to (e) and (g), Clause 6, Clause 7, Clause 8(2), and Clauses 9 to 12, in cases where the data exporter has factually disappeared or has ceased to exist in law unless any successor entity has assumed the entire legal obligations of the data exporter by contract or by operation of law, as a result of which it takes on the rights and obligations of the data exporter, in which case the data subject can enforce them against such entity.
    3. The data subject can enforce against the subprocessor this Clause, Clause 5(a) to (e) and (g), Clause 6, Clause 7, Clause 8(2), and Clauses 9 to 12, in cases where both the data exporter and the data importer have factually disappeared or ceased to exist in law or have become insolvent, unless any successor entity has assumed the entire legal obligations of the data exporter by contract or by operation of law as a result of which it takes on the rights and obligations of the data exporter, in which case the data subject can enforce them against such entity. Such third-party liability of the subprocessor shall be limited to its own processing operations under the Clauses.
    4. The parties do not object to a data subject being represented by an association or other body if the data subject so expressly wishes and if permitted by national law.

    Clause 4

    Obligations of the data exporter

    The data exporter agrees and warrants:

    • (a) that the processing, including the transfer itself, of the personal data has been and will continue to be carried out in accordance with the relevant provisions of the applicable data protection law (and, where applicable, has been notified to the relevant authorities of the Member State where the data exporter is established) and does not violate the relevant provisions of that State;
    • (b) that it has instructed and throughout the duration of the personal data processing services will instruct the data importer to process the personal data transferred only on the data exporter’s behalf and in accordance with the applicable data protection law and the Clauses;
    • (c) that the data importer will provide sufficient guarantees in respect of the technical and organisational security measures specified in Appendix 2 to this contract;
    • (d) that after assessment of the requirements of the applicable data protection law, the security measures are appropriate to protect personal data against accidental or unlawful destruction or accidental loss, alteration, unauthorised disclosure or access, in particular where the processing involves the transmission of data over a network, and against all other unlawful forms of processing, and that these measures ensure a level of security appropriate to the risks presented by the processing and the nature of the data to be protected having regard to the state of the art and the cost of their implementation;
    • (e) that it will ensure compliance with the security measures;
    • (f) that, if the transfer involves special categories of data, the data subject has been informed or will be informed before, or as soon as possible after, the transfer that its data could be transmitted to a third country not providing adequate protection within the meaning of Directive 95/46/EC;
    • (g) to forward any notification received from the data importer or any subprocessor pursuant to Clause 5(b) and Clause 8(3) to the data protection supervisory authority if the data exporter decides to continue the transfer or to lift the suspension;
    • (h) to make available to the data subjects upon request a copy of the Clauses, with the exception of Appendix 2, and a summary description of the security measures, as well as a copy of any contract for subprocessing services which has to be made in accordance with the Clauses, unless the Clauses or the contract contain commercial information, in which case it may remove such commercial information;
    • (i) that, in the event of subprocessing, the processing activity is carried out in accordance with Clause 11 by a subprocessor providing at least the same level of protection for the personal data and the rights of data subject as the data importer under the Clauses; and
    • (j) that it will ensure compliance with Clause 4(a) to (i).

    Clause 5

    Obligations of the data importer

    The data importer agrees and warrants:

    • (a) to process the personal data only on behalf of the data exporter and in compliance with its instructions and the Clauses; if it cannot provide such compliance for whatever reasons, it agrees to inform promptly the data exporter of its inability to comply, in which case the data exporter is entitled to suspend the transfer of data and/or terminate the contract;
    • (b) that it has no reason to believe that the legislation applicable to it prevents it from fulfilling the instructions received from the data exporter and its obligations under the contract and that in the event of a change in this legislation which is likely to have a substantial adverse effect on the warranties and obligations provided by the Clauses, it will promptly notify the change to the data exporter as soon as it is aware, in which case the data exporter is entitled to suspend the transfer of data and/or terminate the contract;
    • (c) that it has implemented the technical and organisational security measures specified in Appendix 2 before processing the personal data transferred;
    • (d) that it will promptly notify the data exporter about:
    • (i) any legally binding request for disclosure of the personal data by a law enforcement authority unless otherwise prohibited, such as a prohibition under criminal law to preserve the confidentiality of a law enforcement investigation,
      • (ii) any accidental or unauthorised access, and
      • (iii) any request received directly from the data subjects without responding to that request, unless it has been otherwise authorised to do so;
    • (e) to deal promptly and properly with all inquiries from the data exporter relating to its processing of the personal data subject to the transfer and to abide by the advice of the supervisory authority with regard to the processing of the data transferred;
    • (f) at the request of the data exporter to submit its data processing facilities for audit of the processing activities covered by the Clauses which shall be carried out by the data exporter or an inspection body composed of independent members and in possession of the required professional qualifications bound by a duty of confidentiality, selected by the data exporter, where applicable, in agreement with the supervisory authority;
    • (g) to make available to the data subject upon request a copy of the Clauses, or any existing contract for subprocessing, unless the Clauses or contract contain commercial information, in which case it may remove such commercial information, with the exception of Appendix 2 which shall be replaced by a summary description of the security measures in those cases where the data subject is unable to obtain a copy from the data exporter;
    • (h) that, in the event of subprocessing, it has previously informed the data exporter and obtained its prior written consent;
    • (i) that the processing services by the subprocessor will be carried out in accordance with Clause 11;
    • (j) to send promptly a copy of any subprocessor agreement it concludes under the Clauses to the data exporter.

    Clause 6

    Liability

    1. The parties agree that any data subject, who has suffered damage as a result of any breach of the obligations referred to in Clause 3 or in Clause 11 by any party or subprocessor is entitled to receive compensation from the data exporter for the damage suffered.
    2. If a data subject is not able to bring a claim for compensation in accordance with paragraph 1 against the data exporter, arising out of a breach by the data importer or his subprocessor of any of their obligations referred to in Clause 3 or in Clause 11, because the data exporter has factually disappeared or ceased to exist in law or has become insolvent, the data importer agrees that the data subject may issue a claim against the data importer as if it were the data exporter, unless any successor entity has assumed the entire legal obligations of the data exporter by contract of by operation of law, in which case the data subject can enforce its rights against such entity.

    The data importer may not rely on a breach by a subprocessor of its obligations in order to avoid its own liabilities.

    1. If a data subject is not able to bring a claim against the data exporter or the data importer referred to in paragraphs 1 and 2, arising out of a breach by the subprocessor of any of their obligations referred to in Clause 3 or in Clause 11 because both the data exporter and the data importer have factually disappeared or ceased to exist in law or have become insolvent, the subprocessor agrees that the data subject may issue a claim against the data subprocessor with regard to its own processing operations under the Clauses as if it were the data exporter or the data importer, unless any successor entity has assumed the entire legal obligations of the data exporter or data importer by contract or by operation of law, in which case the data subject can enforce its rights against such entity. The liability of the subprocessor shall be limited to its own processing operations under the Clauses.

    Clause 7

    Mediation and jurisdiction

    1. The data importer agrees that if the data subject invokes against it third-party beneficiary rights and/or claims compensation for damages under the Clauses, the data importer will accept the decision of the data subject:
    • (a) to refer the dispute to mediation, by an independent person or, where applicable, by the supervisory authority;
    • (b) to refer the dispute to the courts in the Member State in which the data exporter is established.
    1. The parties agree that the choice made by the data subject will not prejudice its substantive or procedural rights to seek remedies in accordance with other provisions of national or international law.

    Clause 8

    Cooperation with supervisory authorities

    1. The data exporter agrees to deposit a copy of this contract with the supervisory authority if it so requests or if such deposit is required under the applicable data protection law.
    2. The parties agree that the supervisory authority has the right to conduct an audit of the data importer, and of any subprocessor, which has the same scope and is subject to the same conditions as would apply to an audit of the data exporter under the applicable data protection law.
    3. The data importer shall promptly inform the data exporter about the existence of legislation applicable to it or any subprocessor preventing the conduct of an audit of the data importer, or any subprocessor, pursuant to paragraph 2. In such a case the data exporter shall be entitled to take the measures foreseen in Clause 5 (b).

    Clause 9

    Governing Law

    The Clauses shall be governed by the law of the Member State in which the data exporter is established.

    Clause 10

    Variation of the contract

    The parties undertake not to vary or modify the Clauses. This does not preclude the parties from adding clauses on business related issues where required as long as they do not contradict the Clause.

    Clause 11

    Subprocessing

    1. The data importer shall not subcontract any of its processing operations performed on behalf of the data exporter under the Clauses without the prior written consent of the data exporter. Where the data importer subcontracts its obligations under the Clauses, with the consent of the data exporter, it shall do so only by way of a written agreement with the subprocessor which imposes the same obligations on the subprocessor as are imposed on the data importer under the Clauses. Where the subprocessor fails to fulfil its data protection obligations under such written agreement the data importer shall remain fully liable to the data exporter for the performance of the subprocessor’s obligations under such agreement.
    2. The prior written contract between the data importer and the subprocessor shall also provide for a third-party beneficiary clause as laid down in Clause 3 for cases where the data subject is not able to bring the claim for compensation referred to in paragraph 1 of Clause 6 against the data exporter or the data importer because they have factually disappeared or have ceased to exist in law or have become insolvent and no successor entity has assumed the entire legal obligations of the data exporter or data importer by contract or by operation of law. Such third-party liability of the subprocessor shall be limited to its own processing operations under the Clauses.
    3. The provisions relating to data protection aspects for subprocessing of the contract referred to in paragraph 1 shall be governed by the law of the Member State in which the data exporter is established.
    4. The data exporter shall keep a list of subprocessing agreements concluded under the Clauses and notified by the data importer pursuant to Clause 5 (j), which shall be updated at least once a year. The list shall be available to the data exporter’s data protection supervisory authority.

    Clause 12

    Obligation after the termination of personal data processing services

    1. The parties agree that on the termination of the provision of data processing services, the data importer and the subprocessor shall, at the choice of the data exporter, return all the personal data transferred and the copies thereof to the data exporter or shall destroy all the personal data and certify to the data exporter that it has done so, unless legislation imposed upon the data importer prevents it from returning or destroying all or part of the personal data transferred. In that case, the data importer warrants that it will guarantee the confidentiality of the personal data transferred and will not actively process the personal data transferred anymore.
    2. The data importer and the subprocessor warrant that upon request of the data exporter and/or of the supervisory authority, it will submit its data processing facilities for an audit of the measures referred to in paragraph 1.

    Appendix 1 to the Standard Contractual Clauses

    This Appendix forms part of the Clauses and must be completed and signed by the parties.

    The Member States may complete or specify, according to their national procedures, any additional necessary information to be contained in this Appendix.

    Data exporter

    The data exporter is (please specify briefly your activities relevant to the transfer):

    The Data Exporter is the Customer, as defined in the Data Processing Agreement. Customer has engaged the data importer to process data from equipment installed in vehicles. or data otherwise uploaded to data importer via API, and such data will be stored and made available to Customer via data importer’s Solution as further described in the DPA and applicable ordering document.

    Data importer

    The data importer is (please specify briefly activities relevant to the transfer):

    Lytx, Inc. a vendor of the aformentioned Solution.

    Data subjects

    The personal data transferred concern the following categories of data subjects (please specify):

    The data subjects are more fully described in Addendum 1 to the DPA or applicable ordering document.

    Categories of data

    The personal data transferred concern the following categories of data (please specify):

    The categories of personal data are more fully described in Addendum 1 to the DPA or applicable ordering document.

    Special categories of data (if appropriate)

    The personal data transferred concern the following special categories of data (please specify): Any sensitive data transferred is more fully described in Addendum 1 to the DPA or applicable ordering document.

    Processing operations

    The personal data transferred will be subject to the following basic processing activities (please specify):

    The processing activities are more fully described in Addendum 1 to the DPA or applicable ordering document.


    Appendix 2 to the Standard Contractual Clauses

    This Appendix forms part of the Clauses and must be completed and signed by the parties.

    Description of the technical and organisational security measures implemented by the data importer in accordance with Clauses 4(d) and 5(c) (or document/legislation attached):

    The technical and organization security measures are further described in Addendum 2 to the DPA or applicable ordering document.



    [1] Where the data exporter is a processor subject to Regulation (EU) 2016/679 acting on behalf of a Union institution or body as controller, reliance on these Clauses when engaging another processor (sub-processing) not subject to Regulation (EU) 2016/679 also ensures compliance with Article 29(4) of Regulation (EU) 2018/1725 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 23 October 2018 on the protection of natural persons with regard to the processing of personal data by the Union institutions, bodies, offices and agencies and on the free movement of such data, and repealing Regulation (EC) No 45/2001 and Decision No 1247/2002/EC (OJ L 295, 21.11.2018, p. 39), to the extent these Clauses and the data protection obligations as set out in the contract or other legal act between the controller and the processor pursuant to Article 29(3) of Regulation (EU) 2018/1725 are aligned. This will in particular be the case where the controller and processor rely on the standard contractual clauses included in Decision 2021/915.

    [2] This requires rendering the data anonymous in such a way that the individual is no longer identifiable by anyone, in line with recital 26 of Regulation (EU) 2016/679, and that this process is irreversible.

    [3] The Agreement on the European Economic Area (EEA Agreement) provides for the extension of the European Union’s internal market to the three EEA States Iceland, Liechtenstein and Norway. The Union data protection Laws, including Regulation (EU) 2016/679, is covered by the EEA Agreement and has been incorporated into Annex XI thereto. Therefore, any disclosure by the data importer to a third party located in the EEA does not qualify as an onward transfer for the purpose of these Clauses.

    [4] The Agreement on the European Economic Area (EEA Agreement) provides for the extension of the European Union’s internal market to the three EEA States Iceland, Liechtenstein and Norway. The Union data protection Laws, including Regulation (EU) 2016/679, is covered by the EEA Agreement and has been incorporated into Annex XI thereto. Therefore, any disclosure by the data importer to a third party located in the EEA does not qualify as an onward transfer for the purpose of these Clauses.

    [5] See Article 28(4) of Regulation (EU) 2016/679 and, where the controller is an EU institution or body, Article 29(4) of Regulation (EU) 2018/1725.

    [6] The Agreement on the European Economic Area (EEA Agreement) provides for the extension of the European Union’s internal market to the three EEA States Iceland, Liechtenstein and Norway. The Union data protection Laws, including Regulation (EU) 2016/679, is covered by the EEA Agreement and has been incorporated into Annex XI thereto. Therefore, any disclosure by the data importer to a third party located in the EEA does not qualify as an onward transfer for the purposes of these Clauses.

    [7] This includes whether the transfer and further processing involves personal data revealing racial or ethnic origin, political opinions, religious or philosophical beliefs, or trade union membership, genetic data or biometric data for the purpose of uniquely identifying a natural person, data concerning health or a person’s sex life or sexual orientation, or data relating to criminal convictions or offences.

    [8] This requirement may be satisfied by the sub-processor acceding to these Clauses under the appropriate Module, in accordance with Clause 7.

    [9] This requirement may be satisfied by the sub-processor acceding to these Clauses under the appropriate Module, in accordance with Clause 7.

    [10] That period may be extended by a maximum of two more months, to the extent necessary taking into account the complexity and number of requests. The data importer shall duly and promptly inform the data subject of any such extension.

    [11] As regards the impact of such laws and practices on compliance with these Clauses, different elements may be considered as part of an overall assessment. Such elements may include relevant and documented practical experience with prior instances of requests for disclosure from public authorities, or the absence of such requests, covering a sufficiently representative time-frame. This refers in particular to internal records or other documentation, drawn up on a continuous basis in accordance with due diligence and certified at senior management level, provided that this information can be lawfully shared with third parties. Where this practical experience is relied upon to conclude that the data importer will not be prevented from complying with these Clauses, it needs to be supported by other relevant, objective elements, and it is for the Parties to consider carefully whether these elements together carry sufficient weight, in terms of their reliability and representativeness, to support this conclusion. In particular, the Parties have to take into account whether their practical experience is corroborated and not contradicted by publicly available or otherwise accessible, reliable information on the existence or absence of requests within the same sector and/or the application of the law in practice, such as case law and reports by independent oversight bodies.